The Golden Gate Bridge (1937) poking up from behind the Marin Headlands with San Francisco beyond from atop the Mount Tamalpais East Peak summit at the end of the Plank Walk Trail in Mount Tamalpais State Park.
Near East Ridgecrest Boulevard, Marin County, California: 29 January 2013
part of the Mount Tamalpais State Park album
A curious white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) fawn stops to check me out while passing through our campsite on a morning forage with two others.
Near NW 115th Street, Chiefland, Florida: 11 October 2014
part of the Manatee Springs State Park album
A staple of my family camping trips, usually at one of forty-eight Florida State Parks that have a campground with in-site power and water, is our ongoing effort to see and photograph as much wildlife as possible. Most of the parks that we particularly enjoy and end up revisiting have provided us with excellent wildlife viewing opportunities, although this obviously fluctuates based on season, weather and other conditions. In hindsight, my journey to Manatee Springs State Park in Chiefland last October was a harbinger of our upcoming luck in this department.
At one point while driving southeast on U.S. Route 98 between Perry and Cross City, a bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) swooped down out of nowhere and clutched with its talons a piece of road kill on the centerline of the highway. It took off again, just in time to clear the car in front of me, and majestically flew over the center median parallel to me for probably fifteen seconds. I was stunned for a moment, my mouth literally agape. This would be the most distant encounter of the long weekend.
For a first visit at a state park, Manatee Springs made quite an impression on us. Not only was the campsite we reserved quite nice by our standards, but we saw and got close to deer, tortoise, snakes, birds, insects and small mammals. Hopefully not to their detriment, the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) living at Manatee Springs State Park were more curious and less afraid of humans than any that I have encountered previously.
Who knows how many other times they dropped by, but small groups of two and three deer came right through our Hickory loop campground site five times on Saturday and Sunday while we were sitting around the campfire. The area around our campsite was wooded and offered a nice buffer between sites, yet the deer came remarkably close during most of their visits.
For the most part, the deer seemed content foraging for their normal diet of legumes, plants and acorns on the forest floor as they made their way through. Based on how they checked us out and got fairly close, they did however seem interested in whether or not we perhaps had something more tasty for them to eat. Cranking the cute dial up to eleven, several of the deer seemed to be fawns learning the ropes from their mothers.
I was too engrossed in the moment to notice, but in reviewing the photograph timestamps of each encounter I am surprised at the durations of the visits. Three of the meetings were about ten minutes each, while the last two were about three minutes and one minute, respectively. While the deer's friendliness was certainly a bonus for us, I unfortunately fear that it is the result of other campers or nearby residents feeding them.
A couple of the deer were even more curious and unafraid than the others. During a late afternoon visit on Sunday, one of the deer kept getting closer and closer to me. I was shooting pictures rapidly, but the shutter noise was apparently not startling to it. As it got even closer, I decided to stop taking photos and instead put my empty hand out to see what would happen. To my amazement and joy, the deer came right up and sniffed my hand. It got even closer, so close that my hand was petting its neck for a brief moment, before moving away and rejoining the others.
The park gets its name from the first-magnitude Manatee Spring, located not far from the campgrounds at the end of a crystal clear stream that flows to the Suwannee River. The spring produces an average of one-hundred million gallons of water every day and is frequented by West Indian manatees (Trichechus manatus) during the winter months. When the manatees are not around, the springs are a popular spot for humans to swim.
Although the deer were a particular highlight of this trip, we had many other close encounters with local fauna that I will have to document in a future article. In the meantime, the Manatee Springs State Park album contains more photographs of the friendly deer. Needless to say, we really enjoyed our time at Manatee Springs State Park and will definitely camp there again someday.
Looking up at Sutro Tower (1972) two days before a full moon from the path around Summit Reservoir (1954).
Near 1 La Avanzada Street, San Francisco, California: 25 January 2013
part of the Summit Reservoir album
In the nearly two decades before 2013 when I used shared web hosting services, I could not have imagined using my monthly data transfer allocation. My last shared hosting account came with a quota of eighteen gigabytes. I am now looking back on that with amusement, for my virtual private server transmitted 483% more than that in just fifteen hours earlier this week.
I do not regularly check the statistics for individual sites, instead focusing on the server-wide loads, data transfer and general performance. I was however curious to see the result of having reached out to some friends and contacts by email and Twitter about the new version of sutrotower.org on Sunday, 08 March 2015.
I was a bit surprised and honored to discover that one such contact, journalist Alexis C. Madrigal, included sutrotower.org as one of five items in the Fusion "Real Future" newsletter on Monday, 09 March 2015. Indeed, I just now noticed that one of my photographs is also featured in the header image of that newsletter.
With the resultant surge in traffic over a few days, I was pleased that my work had paid off. Beyond the piece in Fusion, I was also amused to see that SomaFM founder Rusty Hodge posted links on Twitter and Facebook, while another post on Twitter turned out to be from the chief information officer for Red Hat. This server runs CentOS, a distriubution of Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
Checking on things after work on Tuesday, 10 March 2015, I figured that was that. Those most interested had gotten their Sutro Tower fix and, although I never really think of such things, the content had reached a broader audience.
The following evening, I was performing some routine server maintenance when the load monitor at the top of the screen caught my attention. The one, five and fifteen minute load averages were all showing figures above one, which although still low is unusually high for my system, except when recompiling Apache or something similar. Investigating further, I discovered that there was also a spike in network traffic. Apparently, that was not that after all.
The source turned out to be a post made to Hacker News, a social links site not dissimilar from Reddit. I am not familiar with it, but it seems to be rather popular. Over the course of about fifteen hours, sutrotower.org transferred twice as much data than my entire server and all its hosted websites did during the six month period from September 2014 to February 2015. That is about 105 gigabytes and fifty-two gigabytes, respectively.
It is important to note that the new design's larger photographs are of course larger in file size, thus more data is transferred per visit than before. However, it was the approximately 20,000 visitors that came to sutrotower.org via Hacker News and its seemingly endless network of volunteer redistributors that provided the resultant spike.
In the end, I am really glad that this happened after my effort to improve overall site efficiency. The events of this week would rank as low when compared to the once-infamous Slashdot effect, but I am not sure how my old code would have handled the sudden influx of requests generated.
Actually, I am fairly certain it would not have performed very well at all.
I am pleased to announce the release of Mount Sutro 6.0, the result of my redevelopment of this website's code and also featuring a rewrite of sutrotower.org. Although the driving force of this long overdue project was to modernize operations and bring to an end my growing aggravation with my home on the internet, it also provided an opportunity to make other changes. This new version features many enhancements and modernizations, the most significant of which are summarized below.
All but completely rewritten and restructured to make it easier to read
Updated with new facts and corrected information to provide a more comprehensive and detailed account
Added current information (2011–2015) researched or queued for inclusion along with more photographs
Created new download areas for groups of documents, such as annual inspections and antenna diagrams
Included more personal and human interest stories based on email correspondence and interviews
Inserted quotations of interest from those party to the history of Sutro Tower
Checked every hyperlink and removed broken links or replaced them with local copies or Internet Archive snapshots
Site code rewritten from the ground up in valid HTML5 and CSS3
Optimized existing PHP functions and wrote new ones to replace outdated and inefficient queries
Stylesheet rewritten to meet my current needs, but with some backward compatibility (a few more fixes are still needed)
Replaced or refreshed site icons and graphics, including the Windows interface
Increased the site's width to 1280 pixels, expanding the main content area to a width of 850 pixels
Added a custom headline font and set all text sizes to scale proportionally
Classified all pre-2015 articles as "archive" to demarcate the theme upgrade (old articles may have formatting issues)
This project has been on my list — I just checked and cannot believe it — for about a decade. The original version of Mount Sutro in 2001 was a static website with interactivity added via custom modules. On Thursday, 03 February 2005, I launched an updated version running on WordPress but the custom theme I created was a kludge of the old version into the basic framework of a theme. I did not know any better at the time and did what I could to make it work. However, when things that annoy you on other websites can be found on your own, it is time for a change.
Ever since I developed proper HTML5 and CSS3 WordPress themes from scratch for the Second Judicial Circuit Guardian ad Litem Program (October 2011) and Joe's B.S. (May 2013), my irritation with and embarrassment by my own website grew exponentially. For example, I had been dreading the thought of someone looking at the source code or trying to validate it. Although it once worked at serving a specific purpose — rendering the same on all browsers and platforms back when that was quite an accomplishment — the legacy code was now hindering forward progress, delaying new content and stalling updates.
The impetus for finally getting started in early February 2015 was my inability to proceed with another project. I had been planning a series of articles about my Wonder Boys filming locations photo trip in June 2014. Presented in film order, the articles would have been published in real time over the three days depicted in the film: 26–28 February.
Unfortunately, this fun plan was soon derailed when I discovered that my computer's optical drive no longer read DVDs. Without frames from the film to include, the articles would not work. Instead of just getting steamed and producing nothing, I decided to redirect my creative energy into something that had no dependencies and Mount Sutro was it.
There are bound to be a few things that I missed along the way, so please send along any reports of unusual or unexpected behavior. Otherwise you are invited to look around, visit the new sutrotower.org and let me know what you think. Thank you!
Turkey vulture (Cathartes aura) circling in the skies above Pebble Lake from the overlook pavilion near the picnic area at Mike Roess Gold Head Branch State Park.
Near 6239 State Road 21, Keystone Heights, Florida: 18 January 2015
part of the Mike Roess Gold Head Branch State Park album
In the three years leading up to their 1939 declaration of war on Germany, the government of the United Kingdom secretly planned and developed the Ministry of Information. A centralized agency from which national propaganda and news releases could be crafted and distributed, a Ministry of Information was first briefly established in 1918 near the end of the Great War.
Correctly predicting the difficult times ahead, one of the earliest tasks assigned to the Ministry of Information by government leaders was to create a series of morale boosting posters that could be displayed in public across Britain. Simple, bold and featuring a graphic of the Tudor Crown, three posters were initially designed and produced between 27 June and 06 July 1939.
Displaying the slogans "Freedom Is In Peril / Defend It With All Your Might" and "Your Courage / Your Cheerfulness / Your Resolution / Will Bring Us Victory", the first two posters were distributed within twenty-four hours of the war declaration and posted on public transport, notice boards and in shop windows nationwide.
After "reports on civilian morale pointed to boredom rather than dislocation" and unease with the phrase, it was decided to hold back a third poster bearing "Keep Calm and Carry On" from the public. About 2.5 million copies of "Keep Calm" had been printed and shipped to distribution centers, but not displayed.
Attacked by parliamentarians for "failing to understand publicity" and by the press for wasting money and paper, the entire campaign was terminated after four weeks. The unused "Keep Calm" posters were later destroyed in 1940 as part of the country's Paper Salvage program (1939–1950).
Fast forward sixty years to Barter Books in Alnwick, Northumberland owned by Stuart and Mary Manley. One day while going through a box of old books purchased at auction, Stuart discovered an original copy of "Keep Calm" folded up at the bottom. Liking the poster but not realizing its historical significance, Stuart and Mary framed and hung it in their shop. It was so popular with their customers that they started selling reproductions in 2001.
For whatever reason, the poster struck a chord with the modern world and soon other reproductions, parodies and homages were everywhere. As of February 2009, the Manleys had sold "more than 40,000 copies, as well as mugs, T-shirts, mouse mats, tea towels and postcards." It was thought that the only other original lithographs were at the Imperial War Museum, holding several copies in two sizes: PST 14847 at 751×501 mm and PST 14842 at 378×251 mm.
Like the Manleys, Moragh Turnbull of Cupar, Fife did not think much about the "Keep Calm" poster or appreciate its significance until she brought one to a recording of Antiques Roadshow at St. Andrews University in February 2012.
Turnbull explained that she had about fifteen "Keep Calm" posters which were passed down from her father William, who had been given them while serving in the Royal Observer Corps. Antiques expert Paul Atterbury explicated the history and informed Turnbull, much to her surprise, of the unique nature of her collection — the largest surviving cache known to exist.
Beyond those in the Imperial War Museum collection and held by the Manleys and Turnbull, there are no other known original copies of the "Keep Calm" poster. Almost certainly there are a few others out there boxed in attics, just waiting to be discovered. In the meantime, the phrase and poster carry on in mainstream popular culture in Britain and worldwide.
Always a fan of paronomasia, I jokingly said the phrase "Keep Calm and Carrion" to my mother after spotting turkey vultures during an October 2014 camping trip. I also made an offhand remark about making a poster of it. While not an original idea, I decided to go ahead and make good on that remark.
It took some searching, but I recently found a free vector image of a vulture in flight that resembled the one in my mind. With that and the excellent "Keep Calm" font by Keith Bates in hand, I was able to make a mock-up in Photoshop followed by a vector drawing in Illustrator.
The artwork package contains the Illustrator AI vector original, formatted for print and ready for custom-sized export, along with six sizes of PNG.
If you print a copy of the poster or use it online, I would love to hear from you.
 Some refer to this incorrectly as Saint Edward's Crown. King Edward VII requested the standardization of the Tudor Crown image, the result of which was the Crown of King George VI design used in official emblems and "representing the sovereign source of governmental authority" from 1902 to 1953. Upon her accession in 1952, Elizabeth II requested a design change to the current version modeled after Saint Edward's Crown. Comparing the two and considering the timeline, the poster's Tudor Crown is clearly the low arched George VI version.
 At least £45,000 GBP was spent on the posters, a value today of £2,056,474. At current exchange rates, £0.655 equals $1.00 USD. In contrast, the UK Bomber Command likely spent around £8,900,000 on aluminum to build new aircraft from 1938 to 1945. The poster cost is 23% of that amount.